Carbon Standards and Services

The Rainforest Alliance audits forestry and agroforestry projects with a demonstrated ability to sequester carbon dioxide and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Accredited by the American National Standards Institute to ISO 14065:2007 (the international standard for greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies), the Rainforest Alliance offers carbon auditing services to Forest Stewardship Council-certified, Rainforest Alliance Certified™ and non-certified operations against the six leading carbon standards listed below.

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American Carbon Registry Standard

Summary: The first private voluntary greenhouse gas (GHG) registry in the United States, the American Carbon Registry (ACR) is a voluntary carbon offset program that publishes standards, methodologies, protocols and tools for GHG accounting and maintains a registry for the purchase and sale of offsets.
View: Audit Reports.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Verification
Scope of Services: United States. Forestation projects.

CarbonFix Standard

Summary: The Standard was founded to promote the potential of forest carbon projects and increase the prevalence of sustainably managed forests worldwide.
View: Audit Reports.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Verification.
Scope of Services: Global. Forestation projects.

Climate Action Reserve Standard

Summary: Provides a set of rigorous protocols, guidelines and tools to support the North American carbon market. The Climate Action Reserve (CAR) evolved from the California Climate Action Registry, a non-profit association that issues carbon offset credits (CRTs).
View: Audit Reports.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Verification.
Scope of Services: United States. Reforestation, Improved Forest Management, and/or Avoided Deforestation projects.

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Standard

Summary: A project design standard for evaluation of land-based carbon mitigation projects in the early stages of development. The Climate, Community and Biodiversity (CCB) Standards identify projects that simultaneously generate climate, biodiversity, and sustainable-development benefits. Carbon credits are not issued under this standard.
View: Audit Reports.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Validation and Verification.
Scope of Services: Global. All land-based project types.

Gold Standard

Summary: The Gold Standard has been active in carbon markets for over a decade and in 2013, expanded to include forest carbon projects. Its standard is based on the CarbonFix standard, and will eventually replace CarbonFix.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Validation and Verification.
Scope of Services: Global. Forestation and Improved Forest Management (IFM) projects.

Plan Vivo Standards

Summary: Plan Vivo offers a system for managing the supply of verifiable emission reductions from rural communities in a way that promotes sustainable livelihoods. The system has a small-holder and community-based focus, and ex-ante credits can be issued through the Plan Vivo Foundation to support a project's development phase.
View: Audit Reports.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Validation and Verification.
Scope of Services: Global. All land-based project types, including afforestation and agroforestry, forest conservation, restoration, and avoided deforestation.

Verified Carbon Standard

Summary: A robust, global standard for approval of verified offsets, which are issued as Verified Carbon Units (VCUs) and transacted through a registry platform.
View: Audit Reports.
Rainforest Alliance Services: Validation, Verification, and Module/methodology assessments.
Scope of Services: Global. Afforestation, Reforestation and Revegation (ARR), Agricultural Land Management (ALM), Improved Forest Management (IFM), and REDD projects.

Note: Preassessment services may be available for some of these standards.