‘Guanaré’ Forest Plantations on Degraded Grasslands Under Extensive Grazing Project
Afforestation, Reforestation and Revegetation (ARR)
Melo and Treinta y Tres, Urugua
Guanare S.A., (Project Proponent)
Carbosur, (Project Developer)
Rainforest Alliance Evaluation:
This project comprises a total area of 21,291 hectares that has had a long history of grazing by beef cattle, an activity that has caused soil erosion and land degradation. The Project activity aims to establish forest plantations for obtaining high-value, long-lived timber products and for sequestering large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The project activity is implemented on degraded land, which is expected to continue to degrade in the absence of the project and hence the land cannot be expected to revert to a non-degraded state without human intervention.
The main objectives of the project activity are wood production, land restoration and carbon sequestration through afforestation. Forest plantation will be completed by year 5 of project and forest will be replanted after clear-cut harvest. Planted forests consist of Eucalyptus and pine plantations managed with a rotation length of 22 years. Sites are manually planted with 1,100 seedlings per hectare in rows spaced every 4 m, weed control will continue for several months after planting, and planted forests will cover 50 to 60% of the total area of land owned by ‘Guanaré’, with the rest being used mainly for grazing. Timber Stand Improvements including thinnings and prunings will be periodically carried out. Clear-cut harvest is planned to occur around year 22 after planting, and site preparation for re-planting starts immediately after clear-cut harvest;
The Guanaré project activity consists of the afforestation of degraded lands under extensive grazing in the Northeast of Uruguay. This region is not only characterized for its reduced development in terms of infrastructure and industry, but also for its socio-economic situation. Guanaré project will contribute to the sustainable development of this region through the creation of quality employment and the production of timber that may eventually lead to opportunities for new services and industrial development in the area. The project will result in a significant contribution to sustainable development of Uruguay, mainly through: i) increased employment and quality of employment; iii) rural development (decentralization); iv) increased gross value of production; v) improved fiscal balance; vi) biodiversity preservation and vii) improvement and preservation of soil quality.