Afforestation in the Montreal Metropolitan Area Project

Project Type: 

Afforestation, Reforestation and Revegetation (ARR)


141 hectares


Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Rainforest Alliance Evaluation: 

Validated conformance with the CarbonFix Standards Version 3.1: July 31, 2012 (RA-VAL-CFS- 016642).

Validated conformance with the Gold Standard Afforestation/Reforestation (A/R) Requirements Version 0.9: February 17, 2015 (RA-VAL-GS-020943)

The original afforestation plantation project area includes 109.6 hectares of abandoned land in the metropolitan Montreal area. Of this, 83.4 hectares comprise the eligible project area. Most of the land was previously cultivated, with the exception of 5 ha within an open-pit mine. CO2 Environnement has engaged the landowners of the 5 sites in contracts which intends to grant CO2 Environnement Inc. rights to the carbon credits from each site in exchange for replanting and maintainance of the land for the project duration (50 years). CO2 Environnement has planted all of the sites predominantly with three hardwood species; black spruce, white spruce and jack pine.

During the summer of 2014, the project successfully transitioned to the Gold Standard, which acquired the CarbonFix Standards in 2012. The project added an additional 32 hectares to the project in the fall of 2014, making the current total project area 141 hectares. The project structure and design used for the original plantation project areas in 2012 was followed for the 2014 New Areas added to the project.

The planting density used for the 2014 new project areas was 1,500 trees per hectare. A mix of native species were planted on the New Project Area sites including White spruce, Jack pine, Tamarack (larch), Balsam fir, White pine & Red pine. For the 2014 New Areas added to the Project, all planting was done manually with minimal impacts to the soil on the planting areas. The planted forests are to be left intact by the landowners and no forest management activities (e.g. timber harvesting, removal of biomass etc.) will occur on the 2014 Project Areas. On some sites, the trees are planted along the streams and will serve as a buffer area, helping to control erosion and run-off into the stream, aiding water quality protection. On other sites, planting of trees on abandoned sand quarry lands that have been re-sodded has environmental benefits beyond what would be expected from mowed grassy fields.

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