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One Tree Goes a Long Way
Living on the outskirts of Guatemala's Maya Biosphere Reserve in the rural community of El Remate, the Soto family and their neighbors once relied entirely on slash-and-burn agriculture to earn a living. Today, Rolando Soto and his brothers work as skilled carpenters, earning a better income, conserving vital forestland and protecting local biodiversity.
As subsistence farmers, El Remate community members cut down an average of 12 acres (five hectares) of forestland per year to make way for corn and other crops. Now, in a single year each local carpenter -- part of Rolando's 'Ecological Handicraft Project' -- uses the wood from just one tree to craft pots, miniature models of toucans, jaguars and monkeys, and an assortment of high-quality culinary items.
Thanks to support from the Rainforest Alliance's Training, Extension, Enterprises and Sourcing program and the United States Agency for International Development, the beautiful wooden handicrafts are now sold in Guatemala City Airport. Locals earn the bulk of their income from these airport sales; in addition, they earn supplementary funds from tourists who pass through town on their way to the Maya Biosphere Reserve and Tikal National Park.
'By [making and selling my handicrafts], I'm earning roughly US $15 more per day than I did as a subsistence farmer,' says Rolando. 'Life used to be hard and decent incomes scarce,' he points out. 'Now we work to benefit ourselves and the environment -- and both are winning.'
Adjacent to a gorgeous lake, Rolando Soto's shop employs a team of local carpenters. The skilled craftsmen source most of their rosewood, jobillo and hormigo from the Arbol Verde Concession in the Maya Biosphere Reserve, which has earned Forest Stewardship Council certification for sustainable management. They are also saving up money so that they can eventually apply for FSC chain-of-custody certification.
'The project is directly improving the lives of over 50 families in El Remate,' says Ramon Zetina of the Rainforest Alliance. 'Reversing the trend of slash-and-burn agriculture in this region is so essential for the future of our forests,' he adds. 'This project is a prime example of a successful model for conserving forests and simultaneously fighting poverty.'
After he closes up shop for the day, Rolando invites local children to study with him to learn carpentry. By passing down his knowledge, Rolando is working to ensure that these children have better opportunities in the future -- and an innate commitment to conservation.
'Working with our local resources in a sustainable manner provides a better way of living for us,' says Rolando. 'It has also shown the community that we do not need to cut down trees [and destroy wildlife habitat] to have a good quality of life.' In a region where illegal logging is still the status quo, this view of the environment as a natural asset is truly encouraging.