A Rainforest Alliance Assessment of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)
In this paper, the Rainforest Alliance assesses the agriculture, forestry, and other land use components of selected Individual Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). The INDCs are commitments that have been submitted by the member states of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in advance of the 21st session of the Conference of Parties (COP21) in Paris. They are the foundation of what will become a new, global agreement to advance international action on climate change. As agriculture, forestry, and other land uses–commonly referred to as the AFOLU sector–contributes up to 24 percent of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, it is crucial that reducing emissions caused by the land sector and improving the adaptive capacity of stakeholders involved in this sector is a key component of global action on climate change. This paper assesses trends within the INDCs related to the land sector, supplemented with examples from the Rainforest Alliance and partners working to advance climate change action in this sector, and concludes with recommendations for COP21.